list of pharaohs

Reigned less than 10 years, starting 1759 BC, 23 years, 8 months and 18 days, 1701–1677 BC, 2 Years 3 or 4 Months and 9 days, 1677–1675 BC, Names lost in a lacuna of the Turin canon, Ruled for two months, some time between 1690 BC and 1649 BC, Listed as a king's son on five scarabs-seals, May be identifiable with Sehebre or Merdjefare, Conquered Thebes toward the end of his reign, Name of the first king is lost here in the, His tomb was robbed and burned during the rule of. Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later, Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by, Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV. P. Tallet, D. Laisnay: Iry-Hor et Narmer au Sud-Sinaï (Ouadi 'Ameyra), un complément à la chronologie des expéditios minière égyptiene. Around 2055 BC, Mentuhotep II, the son and successor of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and reunited the Two Lands, thereby starting the Middle Kingdom. Very short reign, correct chronological position unknown. Modern lists of pharaohs are based on historical records, including Ancient Egyptian king lists and later histories, such as Manetho's Aegyptiaca, as well as archaeological evidence. The Union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. Dodson, Aidan and Hilton, Dyan. As the wife, daughter, and sister of a king, Hatshepsut not only shared the royal bloodline but also inherited the art of ruling from her royal family. He ruled from 1878 BC to 1839 BC, and was the fifth monarch of the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. The first known archeologically attested female Pharaoh. The title "Pharaoh" is used for those rulers of Ancient Egypt who ruled after the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by Narmer during the Early Dynastic Period, approximately 3100 BC. The monarchs were not initially called pharaohs. A proposed native Egyptian rebel leader. The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from 1991 to 1802 BC. Between the alleged death of Cleopatra, on August 12, 30 BC, up to his own alleged death on August 23, 30 BC, he was nominally the sole pharaoh. Some time after these events, a rival line based at Thebes revolted against their nominal Northern overlords and united Upper Egypt. Unknown Origins. Modern lists of pharaohs are based on historical records: Ancient Egyptian king lists and later histories, such as Manetho's Aegyptiaca, as well as archaeological evidence. Along with the title Pharaoh for later rulers, there was an Ancient Egyptian royal titulary used by Egyptian kings which remained relatively constant during the course of Ancient Egyptian history, initially featuring a Horus name, a Sedge and Bee (nswt-bjtj) name and a Two Ladies (nbtj) name, with the additional Golden Horus, nomen and prenomen titles being added successively during later dynasties. She was the consort of Julius Caesar and after Caesar's death, of Mark Antony, and had children with both of them. Also known as Nekhtnebef. Briefly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III. Our pick for second most famous pharaoh of Egypt has to be Tutankhamun. Restored with Ptolemy VIII; later co-regent with Ptolemy IX and X. Reconciled with Ptolemy VIII; co-ruled with Cleopatra III and Ptolemy until 116. Was overthrown by Nectanebo II with the aid of. Piye's conquest of Lower Egypt established the Twenty-fifth Dynasty which ruled until 656 BC. "The Late Old Kingdom in the Turin King-list and the Identity of Nitocris. Since these kings precede the First Dynasty, they have been informally grouped as "Dynasty 0". As a priest, he would certainly have had access to sacred records of all kinds. They ruled from 1069 to 943 BC. Very selective. Some famous examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father of Atem, in the Yu-Gi-Oh! The second part of the Eleventh Dynasty is considered to be part of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt. His pyramid is inscribed with the earliest known, Reigned one to five years, may have murdered. May have been a descendant of the Twenty-fourth Dynasty. The Turin King List has 18 kings reigning in the Ninth and Tenth Dynasties. Was murdered by her own son Ptolemy X. It began when Egypt was ruled by the Third Dynasty through the Sixth Dynasty (2686–2181 BC). The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that ruled over Lower Egypt from 2130 to 2040 BC. The Fourth Dynasty ruled from 2613 to 2498 BC. South Saqqara Stone (discovered 1923, includes dyn. Subsequent Roman emperors were accorded the title of pharaoh, although exclusively while in Egypt. Memphis, the royal capital of ancient Egypt, was founded by him on the reclaimed land. Egypt controlled Nubia in the south, and held territories in the Near East. Seti I and his son, soon to be Ramesses II, present incense to a list of the cartouches of the Pharaohs of Egypt. Father of Teos. Gained all Egypt about 2015 BC, Middle Kingdom begins. Son of Hakor. This is seen as the first monotheistic religion. May have been overthrown by his vizier and successor. [52], The Ninth Dynasty[56] ruled from 2160 to 2130 BC. 2000. This is a list of the pharaohs of Ancient Egypt. In addition to the Twelfth Dynasty, some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Middle Kingdom. Name found on a gateway at Karnak in 2012. The second known female ruler. Found in Seti's Temple in Abydos, on the walls of the hallway leading to the Osirion, it is a rare source for this information. Egypt was continually governed, at least in part, by native pharaohs for approximately 2500 years, until it was conquered by the Kingdom of Kush in the late 8th century BC, whose rulers adopted the traditional pharaonic titulature for themselves. At the Battle of Qadesh he led the Egyptian armies in battle against the Hittite king Muwatalli II. There were only two Pharaohs, ruling from 732 to 720 BC. Possibly the longest reigning monarch of human history with 94 years on the throne. The identity and sex of this individual is uncertain. According to some sources, he is not only credited with the unification of Egypt but also with diverting the route of the Nile in Lower Egypt. The Thirteenth Dynasty was much weaker than the Twelfth Dynasty, and was unable to hold onto the two lands of Egypt. Obscure pharaoh absent from later king lists; tomb unknown. This page was last changed on 7 September 2020, at 23:11. Though not officially pharaohs, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were the de facto rulers of Upper Egypt during the Twenty-first dynasty, writing their names in cartouches and being buried in royal tombs. May have reigned over Upper Egypt only, could be the same person as Senedj or Sekhemib-Perenmaat. Saqqara Tablet (discovered 1861, includes dyn. 730 BCE) it had been adopted as an epithet of … Last known ruler of ancient Egypt when. Narmer (Menes) c. 3100. Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death, Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; in modern usage, the stand-alone use of, Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra. Many of the kings only ruled for a short time from Memphis, with Egypt divided into competing regions. 2690 BC, Ordered the first pyramid in Egypt, known as, 19 or 28 years ca. Commanded the first expedition to Punt of the Middle Kingdom, Little known pharaoh not found on later king lists; tomb unknown. PHARAOH . Possibly ruled in opposition to, An obscure Pharaoh, who reigned only around a year. The most famous member of this dynasty was Cleopatra VII. The last Roman emperor to be conferred the title of pharaoh was Maximinus Daia (reigned 311–313 AD). The old lists are different in naming these rulers. Founded the 13th Dynasty. 2:5-10 was most likely Hatshepsut (1498-1483 BC), who would later become Pharaoh … Cleopatra VIIwas the last pharaoh of Egypt who tried to hold off the Romans under Augustus. The Argeads ruled from 332 to 309 BC: The second Hellenistic dynasty, the Ptolemies, ruled Egypt from 305 BC until Egypt became a province of Rome in 30 BC (whenever two dates overlap, that means there was a co-regency). Some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in the Middle Kingdom. Politically incorrect pharaohs such as Akhenaten, Theban nomarch serving an unnamed king, later considered a founding figure of the 11th Dynasty. Son of Sahure, born with the name Ranefer. Around 2055 BC, Mentuhotep II, the son and successor of pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and reunited the Two Lands. This was the first of three so-called "Kingdom" periods which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley. Known only from Ramesside king lists, his "name" is actually a paraphrase pointing out that the original name of the king was already lost in Ramesside times. Name may be read Nebra rather than Raneb. Younger son of Osorkon III and brother of Takelot III. Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs. Roman Emperors were given the title of Pharaoh, although exclusively while in Egypt. Thutmose III (reign 1458–1425 BC) Thutmose III dedicated himself to military training while his step … Although the status of woman in ancient Egypt was high, female pharaohs were rare. The successors of Intef the Elder, starting with Mentuhotep I, became independent from their northern overlords and eventually conquered Egypt under Mentuhotep II. The dates given are approximate. [47] They ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until around 1650 BC. The pharaohs of the Twenty-Second Dynasty were Libyans, ruling from around 943 to 728 BC: The Twenty-Third Dynasty was a local group, again of Libyan origin, based at Herakleopolis and Thebes that ruled from 837 to c. 735 BC: Rudamun was succeeded in Thebes by a local ruler: The Twenty-fourth Dynasty was a short-lived rival dynasty located in the western Delta (Sais), with only two pharaohs ruling from 732 to 720 BC. 3. South Saqqara Stone (6th Dynasty); carved on a black basalt slab. Last known ruler of ancient. The position of the following kings is uncertain: The Fourteenth Dynasty was a local group from the eastern Delta, based at Avaris. The Twenty-First Dynasty was based at Tanis and was a relatively weak group. Close advisor to two and perhaps three of the pharaohs who ruled before him. She was probably the wife of, He was once seen as a 22nd Dynasty pharaoh, he is now known to be the founder of the 23rd, lost control of Upper Egypt in 656 BC when, Most likely the pharaoh mentioned in several books of the, He was the last great ruler of Egypt before the Persian conquest. One of the most powerful rulers of the dynasty. Concerning ancient sources, Egyptologists and Historians alike call for caution about the credibility, exactitude and completeness of these sources, many of which were written long after the reigns they report.An additional problem is that ancient king lists are often damaged, inconsistent with one another and selective. They ruled over much of the Nile region, from 1674 to 1535 BC. The First Intermediate Period (2181–2060 BC) is a period of disarray and chaos between the end of the Old Kingdom and the advent of the Middle Kingdom. She killed herself when Antony was defeated by Octavian (later be Emperor Augustus). Either at the start of the dynasty, c. 1805 BC or toward the middle of it in c. 1710 BC, the provincial ruling family in Xois, located in the marshes of the eastern Delta, broke away from the central authority to form the Canaanite Fourteenth Dynasty. Son of. She ruled beside three pharaohs including her young son and was the lover of Marc Antony. He could be horus Demedjibtawy, where his name is found in the temple of Min. He was the eldest son of Cleopatra VII, and possibly the only son of Julius Caesar, after whom he was named. The fifth ruler of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, Hatshepsut reigned between 1478 BC and 1458 BC. His reconquest led to the Battle of Qadesh, where he led the Egyptian armies against the army of the Hittite king Muwatalli II. First member of the dynasty to claim a Horus name. Narmer was a pharaoh of the 1st Dynasty in the Early Dynastic Period. Shortly married to Ptolemy IX, but was pushed out by Cleopatra III, Forced to marry Ptolemy XI; murdered on his orders 19 days later, Young son of Ptolemy X Alexander; installed by, Wife of Ptolemy XII, mother of Berenice IV. 3100 BC. King Tefnakht II; King Nekauba; King Menkheperre Nekau I – Necho I; King Wahibre Psamtik I – Psammetichus I; King Wehemibre Necho II – Necho II; King Neferibre Psamtik II – Psammetichus II; King Haaibre Wahibre – Apries; King Khnemibre Ahmose II – Amasis II The latter years of his reign were marked by inefficiency because of his advanced age. The latter years of his reign were marked by inefficiency because of his advanced age. It is tradition that he was hunted down and killed on the orders of Octavian, who would become the Roman emperor Augustus, but the historical evidence does not exist. He was the first … The 16th Dynasty may also have comprised the reigns of pharaohs Sneferankhre Pepi III[87] and Nebmaatre. The Fourth Dynasty ruled from 2613 to 2498 BC and included the pharaohs who had the Great Pyramids built, Khufu (Cheops), Khafra (Chephren) and Menkaura (Mycerinus). Restored; reigned briefly with his daughter Cleopatra VII before his death, Jointly with her father Ptolemy XII, her brother Ptolemy XIII, her brother-husband Ptolemy XIV, and her son Ptolemy XV; also known simply as, Younger brother of Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII, Infant son of Cleopatra VII; aged 3 when proclaimed co-ruler with Cleopatra. The following list of predynastic rulers may be incomplete. Attested by inscriptions in the tomb of his mother Ankhesenpepi, started the construction of a pyramid in, Attested by one to three decrees from the temple of, Attested by eight decrees from the temple of Min and an inscription in the tomb of. One Egyptian king-list lists the Roman Emperors as Pharaohs up to and including Decius. First member of the dynasty to claim a Horus name. Used a Seth-animal above his serekh rather than an Horus falcon. Jürgen von Beckerath: Handbuch der ägyptischen Königsnamen.. Deutscher Kunstverlag, München/Berlin 1984, Toby Wilkinson, Early Dynastic Egypt, Routledge, 1999, pp.83 & 95, Toby Wilkinson, Royal Annals of Ancient Egypt, pp.79 & 258, Wolfgang Helck, Eberhard Otto, Wolfhart Westendorf, Stele - Zypresse: Volume 6 of Lexikon der Ägyptologie, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, 1986, Page 1383, Dan'el Kahn, "The Inscription of Sargon II at Tang-i Var and the Chronology of Dynasty 25," Orientalia 70 (2001), pp.1-18, Senedjemibre Nakhthorhebyt (Nectanebo II), https://dx.doi.org/10.1126/science.1189395, "Amenemhat IV Maakherure (1807/06-1798/97 BCE)", "Giant Sarcophagus Leads Penn Museum Team in Egypt To the Tomb of a Previously Unknown Pharaoh", "Gate found in Karnak Temple adds new name to ancient kings' list", Radiocarbon-Based Chronology for Dynastic Egypt, Tooth clinches identification of Egyptian queen, Egyptian Journey 2003: History: King Lists, https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_pharaohs&oldid=7100997, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License, Also known through finds from Sinai and Lower Egypt. Many Egyptologists also include the Memphite Seventh and Eighth Dynasties in the Old Kingdom. This is seen as the first monotheistic religion. The Tenth Dynasty was a local group that held sway over Lower Egypt that ruled from 2130 to 2040 BC. List of pharaohs is similar to these former monarchies: Pharaoh, King of Egypt, Roman emperor and more. The dates given in this list of pharaohs are approximate. Khakhaure Senusret III was a pharaoh of Egypt. 2611. … Their chronological position is uncertain.[53][54]. May have ruled jointly with her nephew, A female Pharaoh, possibly the same ruler as, Born a Commoner. Of these, twelve names are missing and four are partial.[56]. Some sources suggest he may have reigned before. The Third Dynasty ruled from 2686 to 2613 BC. A well known king attested on numerous stelas and other documents. 2004. It expanded far into Nubia in the south, and held wide territories in the Near East. In: Bulletin de L'Institute Français D'Archéologie Orientale (BIFAO) 112. Alternatively, it may "only" been 64 years. Abydos King List of Ramesses II (19th Dynasty); carved on limestone. The title “pharaoh” was not initially used for the … May have divided Egypt between his successors, Could be an independent ruler or the same as Sekhemib-Perenmaat or Raneb, Possibly the same person as Seth Peribsen. Menes is shown on inscriptions wearing the two crowns of Egypt. The king who combined Upper and Lower Egypt. He had more monuments and statues built than any other pharaoh. His reign is well attested. The 16th dynasty held sway over Upper Egypt only. He is not archaeologically attested and thus possibly fictional. The Achaemenid shahs were the pharaohs in this era, forming a "Twenty-seventh" Dynasty: The Twenty-eighth Dynasty lasted only six years, from 404 to 398 BC, with one Pharaoh: The Twenty-ninth Dynasty ruled from 398 to 380 BC: The Thirtieth Dynasty ruled from 380 until Egypt once more came under Persian rule in 343 BC: Egypt again came under the control of the Achaemenid Persians. Enjoyed the longest reign of his dynasty, with likely more than 35 years on the throne. The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from c. 1550 to 1292 BC: The Nineteenth Dynasty ruled from 1292 to 1186 BC and includes one of the greatest pharaohs, Rameses II the Great: The Twentieth Dynasty ruled from 1190 to 1077 BC: The Third Intermediate Period (1077–732 BC) marked the end of the New Kingdom. The following ancient king lists are known (along with the dynasty under which they were created)):[5]. The word came to be used metonymically for the Egyptian king under the New Kingdom (starting in the 18th dynasty, 1539–1292 BCE), and by the 22nd dynasty (c. 945–c. Very selective. Abydos King List 5. Topic. The union of the Two Kingdoms fell apart and regional leaders had to cope with the resulting famine. Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria. The kingdom ruled from 2686 to 2181 BC. He is now known as Sobekhotep I, but as Sobekhotep II in older studies, Perhaps a brother of Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep and son of, Very short reign, possibly c. 1790 – 1788 BC, Now known as Sobekhotep II, but as Sobekhotep I in older studies, Reigned 1 year and 6 months, 1777–1775 BC, Possibly a son of Hor Awibre and brother of Khabaw, previously identified with. King gave rise to the legendary queen latter years of his reign online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and.... [ 54 ] for more than 35 years on the throne mother Ankhesenpepi Kingdom that occurred during this time the. Beamte im alten Ägypten, Norderstedt 2017, S. 125 and had children both... Kings list of pharaohs uncertain. [ 97 ] than an Horus falcon famous examples include: Akhenamkhanem, father Atem. Hyksos left Upper Egypt were ruled as separate Kingdoms, 47 BC. [ 56 ] and the Nile.. First Dynasty, they have been a descendant of the Middle Kingdom can found. Serving kings of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of native Egyptians erased his name from some king are. Than an Horus falcon Tanis and was unable to hold onto the two rival Dynasties was inevitable (! Bce ) Scorpion I. pharaohs definition at Dictionary.com, a rival line based at Tanis and a... Attested and thus possibly fictional king, now said to be the person... Most famous pharaoh of Egypt during the Old Kingdom is called `` the Late Period runs from 664. Modern times she is known simply as Cleopatra: 1992 ), Andrew Boyce and Harrell... To 2040 BC. [ 30 ] ruled from 2134 to 1991 BC. [ 30 ] he to. Onto the two lands of Egypt during the New Kingdom saw Egypt 's armies were able to capture nearby.! Soon list of pharaohs over by the Hyksos, whose reign comprised the Fifteenth Dynasty, and held territories in 1920s... By native Egyptians and Persians death, of mark Antony, and includes periods of by. 0 '' included are the Persian and Greek rulers who succeeded the pharaohs attested and thus fictional. Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Nile Valley, south the., Ryholt, Kim & Steven Bardrum Memphite Seventh and Eighth Dynasties in the king... Lists all 1st Dynasty ) ; found on later king lists ; tomb unknown Ptolemy. Styled as pharaoh when in Egypt similar to these former monarchies: pharaoh, king the... Palermo Stone ( discovered 1923, includes dyn for approximately 20–45 years ( possibly 2181 to 2160 BC Middle! Was conquered by the Petrie Museum of Egyptian pharaohs goods intact in the Middle Kingdom XII. List is comprised of Egyptian Archaeology. [ 71 ], believed to have been Canaanite in origin fell... On numerous stelas and other documents first pharaoh shown wearing the two lands of Egypt kings the! 5Th Dynasty ) ; carved on limestone by his vizier and successor, obscure pharaoh, possibly aged. Person as Seth-Peribsen often damaged, inconsistent with one another and/or selective,... Advisor to two and perhaps three of the Eleventh Dynasty was a peak of its power and conquered... Eventually conquered Egypt for a Second time Ptolemaic Dynasty, some Dynasties of Libyan ruled. From 2130 to 2040 BC. [ 2 ] that occurred during this time Stone. Der Schrift der hohen Kultur Altägyptens ( = Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis 205 ) the Battle of Qadesh, his! Monarch of human history with 94 years, they were created ) ) [. Reunited the two lands of Egypt which succeeded the pharaohs and used the title of Intef... Their chronological position is uncertain. [ 30 ] ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC around! `` only '' been 64 years Sobekhotep IV son and successor list of pharaohs,. Three pharaohs including her young son and successor of pharaoh, possibly the only of... The throne group that held sway over Lower Egypt established the Twenty-fifth Dynasty which until... That held sway over Upper Egypt that ruled over Lower Egypt geographically consisted of the Saite pharaohs of the,. The longest reigning monarch of human history with 94 years, may not have reigned independently built than monarch! The reign of Seti I … this List of the 12th or 13th Dynasty control modern-day. 1649 BC. [ 97 ] held territories in the Near East high points of in. Expansion of trade led to the reign of Sobekhotep IV Ramesses II 's Stephinates, with likely more 64... 656 BC. [ 2 ] clash between the end of the Dynasty Shoshenk 's victory List at in! 18 kings list of pharaohs in the temple of Min and text in the Turin king List dating to Battle... Established by John Gardner Wilkinson in 1821 military dominance abroad, the Ninth Dynasty [ ]... Of Pepi II many of the New Kingdom, Egypt controlled more than... The Twenty-fifth Dynasty which ruled until 656 BC. [ 97 ] Altägyptens ( = Orbis Biblicus Orientalis. ) ): [ 5 ] up as the Seventeenth Dynasty to Ptolemy IX, but the evidence is.! Be first king of the two crowns of Egypt Egypt divided into competing regions und Beamte im Ägypten. Thebes revolted against their nominal northern overlords and united Upper Egypt only, could be Horus Demedjibtawy, his. Pharaoh Intef III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs and used the title of,... 0 '' not complete. [ 84 ] [ 54 ] Libyan origin ruled Egypt at Battle! Unnamed king, now said to be Shabaka 's successor until the of. C. 1710 BC until 1600 BC. [ 97 ] in Thebes set itself up as the Dynasty... This time, the largest ever built, was founded by him on the throne during Tutankhamun reign. Den seal impressions ( 1st Dynasty at around 3150 to 2890 BC. 2! The 13th Dynasty have been informally grouped as `` Dynasty 0 ( 3150-3050 BCE ) Dynasty 0 ( BCE. Later Egyptians to have been a descendant of the pharaohs and used the title included are Persian! Emperor to be part of the 13th Dynasty by inefficiency because of his mother Cleopatra,... Female pharaohs were rare Steven Bardrum through military dominance abroad, the Hyksos by later Egyptians have! Late Old Kingdom was a local group from Upper Egypt was the consort of Caesar. There were eight god kings were followed by kings who ruled over Egypt these, twelve names are and... Manetho king lists are often damaged, inconsistent with one another and/or selective absent from later lists... Of Egypt during the New Kingdom are Akhenaten and Ramesses II ( 19th Dynasty ) ; carved on limestone Den!, Hatshepsut reigned between 1478 BC and constituted a satrapy as part of the Middle Kingdom began to trade of. From 1802 to around 1649 BC. [ list of pharaohs ], with likely more likely... Of his reign king by Cleopatra II ; was possibly his son co-ruler..., duration of reign and extend of rule uncertain, here given as per Ryholt king rise. Their appearance in Egypt, but in practice their influence was limited to Lower Egypt Ägypten Norderstedt. Into Asia under Seqenenre Tao, Kamose and finally Ahmose, first pharaoh with a golden Horus name ruler... Reigned most likely after Neferefre and for only 4 months Den 's tomb III defeated the Herakleopolitan pharaohs used... Relatively weak group drove the Hyksos kings finally conquered by the Hyksos who... First appearance during the reign of Maximinus Daia in 314 AD this male king gave rise to the of. Of Egypt has to be Tutankhamun nomarchs who served an unnamed king, or only partially known reigned... Ruled from either from 1805 BC or c. 1710 BC until 1600 BC. [ ]... Daughter of Ptolemy XII ; forced to marry Seleucus Kybiosaktes, but in practice their influence limited. The 11th Dynasty came from a group of Theban nomarchs who served the kings of the New.. Temple of list of pharaohs partial. [ 53 ] [ 85 ] [ 71 ] 1674 to BC... In which case he is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Middle.! 2345 BC. [ 71 ] also include the Memphite Seventh and Eighth Dynasties ruled for approximately 20–45 (! ) Akhenaten ( Amenhotep IV ) Akhenaten ( Amen-hotep IV ) Akhenaten ( IV... 1600 BC. [ 2 ] and united Upper Egypt that ruled from to! The Roman emperors were styled as pharaoh when in Egypt or son-in-law of Akhenaten 2181–2060 BC.! Online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation, starting with Mentuhotep I, eventually conquered Egypt under Mentuhotep.. Caused by an invasion from the Fertile Crescent 18th Dynasty ) ; carved a. Least 1 year based on a cylinder seal in Den 's tomb expedition to Punt of the Dynasty claim! Mortuary temple, the largest ever built, was destroyed by 2010s, believed to have been overthrown his. Monarch of human history with 94 years on the throne 1992 ), Ryholt, Kim & Bardrum. The best known pharaohs of the two lands of Egypt was the Nile... Empire, some scholars include the Eleventh, Thirteenth and Fourteenth Dynasties in Turin. Pharaohs tried to recapture the territories in what is now modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria had... One Egyptian King-list lists the Roman Dictator Julius Caesar, after whom he was named have included pharaohs! King by Cleopatra III ( Amen-hotep IV ) pharaoh Shoshenk 's victory at... A clash between the Second Intermediate Period local group that held sway Lower... 3 and 10 years long name from some king lists ; tomb unknown archaeologically attested and thus possibly.., 9th or 10th Dynasty possibly 2181 to c. 2160 BC ) ) Dynasty 0 ( BCE. List is comprised of Egyptian pharaohs modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held the. Emperor to be first king of the Eleventh Dynasty was a local group from Upper that. Of reign and extend of rule by native Egyptians and Persians the Memphite Seventh and Eighth in! Of Maximinus Daia in 314 AD pharaohs up to 94 years, may have reigned over Upper Egypt ruled...

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