rushes plant definition

es v. intr. This ~ cultivar is a compact, grass-like plant which is one of the true rushes. Rushes definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. The leaves are evergreen and well-developed in a basal aggregation on an erect stem. (rushes) Any of several stiff aquatic or marsh plants of the genus Juncus , having hollow or pithy stems and small flowers. The best-known and largest genus is Juncus. Most of the Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats. This dense region of roots provides excellent cover for young fish. From late spring to summer, rounded heads of very small, greenish brown, scaly flowers emerge on the sides of the stems just below the stem tips. River rushes are always specified; mere grass will not do. The average number of seeds per plant is 33,000. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. To move swiftly; hurry: rushed after the bus. This also helps weaken the food reserves within the plant. The stem of such plants used in making baskets, mats, the seats of chairs, etc. Plants in the sedge family (Cyperaceae) include several genera, including bulrushes, which are part of the genus Scirpus. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of rush They are not bright or flashy in appearance, and their color can vary from greenish to whitish, brown, purple, black, or hyaline. The plants inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic. Whether you are licking or spraying, topping is advised to promote fresh green re-growth capable of taking in the herbicide. Only in the genus Distichia are the leaves distichous. Bulrush. They are alternate and tristichous (i.e., with three rows of leaves up the stem, each row of leaves arising one-third of the way around the stem from the previous leaf). Particularly favored for such a purpose was Acorus calamus (sweet flag), but despite its alternate vernacular name "sweet rush", it is a plant from a different monocot order, Acorales. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/rush-plant, rushes - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Common rushes are used in many parts of the world for weaving into chair bottoms, mats, and basketwork, and the pith serves as wicks in open oil lamps and for tallow candles (rushlights). Then the rush mats, still called rushes, were put on the floor, and herbs sprinkled over them. * (Arbuthnot) John Bull's friendship is not worth a rush . Their leaves and stems are grass-like but are cylindrical and pithy. The leaves of the wood-rushes of the genus Luzula are always flat and bear long white hairs. POACEAE: GRASSES • Floret: the highly reduced flower of grasses • Spikelet: a small spike with reduced flowers on a central axis • Pedicel: the stalk of the spikelet • Glumes: the sterile, scale-like leaves at the base of a grass spikelet • Lemmas: the lowermost, scale-like leaves at the base of a grass floret • Ligule: in grasses, a papery, hairy or membrane-like extension Pickeral Rush is a versatile bog plant, capable of growing well in water depths of anywhere between 2 and 12 inches.Its glossy green, heart-shaped lanceolate leaves are accompanied by several tall blue flower spikes all Summer long. No matter how busy your week has been, there is always thyme in the day to test your knowledge on all things green. The merest trifle; a straw. The small flowers are arranged in inflorescences of loose cymes, but also in rather dense heads or corymbs at the top of the stem or at its side. Rushes are spiky plants often found in poor agricultural land, waste areas, alongside ponds and other wet areas. The best-known and largest genus is Juncus. "cord of rushes"). References The rush family (Juncaceae) includes Juncus, the common rushes, and Luzula, the woodrushes. The rush family (Juncaceae) includes Juncus, the common rushes, and Luzula, the woodrushes. In medieval Europe, loose fresh rushes would be strewn on earthen floors in dwellings for cleanliness and insulation. Regards, The Crossword Solver Team. flowering rush. It is also used in biofiltration systems and rain gardens. If a group of people rush an enemy or the…. Learn more. Fruits of the three plant groups in question are a bit more distinctive than their flowers, with some sedges producing inch-long prickly clusters of beak-like fruits (above); by comparison, many rushes make tiny globular fruiting structures (below) less than one-eighth-inch in diameter. [3], The stems and leaves of Juncus kraussii were used by Indigenous Australians for fibre, for string, fishing lines, woven rugs and woven baskets. Fresh sweet flag plants, incorrectly termed "rushes," were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a floor covering. Bulrush is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site. Rush (noun) used in names of plants of wet habitats that are similar to rushes, e.g. The long, narrow, grey-green leaves are flat and up to 2cm wide. Another word for rushes. They are found in temperate regions and particularly in moist or shady locations. Rushes are slow-growing perennials (plants that complete their lifecycle in two years), although a few are annuals (plants that complete their lifecycle within one year). Omissions? The fruit is usually a nonfleshy, three-sectioned dehiscent capsule containing many seeds. Cattail, (genus Typha), genus of about 30 species of tall reedy marsh plants (family Typhaceae), found mainly in temperate and cold regions of the Northern and Southern hemispheres. As is characteristic of monocots, all of the flower parts appear in multiples of three. Flowering rush is Butomus umbellatus (family Butomaceae). Rushes definition: (in film-making ) the initial prints of a scene or scenes before editing , usually... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Rush definition is - any of various monocotyledonous often tufted marsh plants (as of the genera Juncus and Luzula of the family Juncaceae, the rush family) with cylindrical often hollow stems which are used in bottoming chairs and plaiting mats. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. If your word has any anagrams, they'll be listed too along with a definition for the word if we have one. 1. These reed-like plants were inexpensive and plentiful and, when mixed with fresh herbs, were a good way to cover dirt while sweetening the air. Rush broom, an Australian leguminous plant (Viminaria denudata), having long, slender branches. Bulrush definition is - any of several large rushes or sedges growing in wetlands: such as. Rush (noun) rushes used as a material "he worked on the leaks in the hull, using bundles of rush" Rush (noun) a thing of no value (used for emphasis) "not one of them is worth a rush" Illustrations from Wetland Plants and Plant Communities of Minnesota and Wisconsin, Version 3.1 by Eggers and Reed (2014) BOTANICAL TERMS: RUSHES (Juncus) • Capsule: fruit of rushes; contains three to dozens of seeds; in Juncus the seeds are tiny, barely visible with unaided eye • Tepals: the six, star-like scales that surround the capsule These are usually arranged in two whorls, each containing three thin, papery tepals. Corrections? Also, the spanish broom. It consists of 8 genera and about 464 known species of slow-growing, rhizomatous, herbaceous monocotyledonous plants that may superficially resemble grasses and sedges. Rush, any of several flowering plants distinguished by cylindrical stalks or hollow, stemlike leaves.They are found in temperate regions and particularly in moist or shady locations. [4], family of flowering plants commonly known as rushes, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", "The number of known plants species in the world and its annual increase", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Juncaceae&oldid=992081268, Articles needing additional references from April 2017, All articles needing additional references, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 December 2020, at 11:28. At Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation the roots your! And insulation whether you are agreeing to news, offers, and Luzula, the common rushes, gathered... The rush rushes plant definition, an Australian leguminous plant ( Viminaria denudata ) having! Typically grows in a wide range of moisture conditions sprinkled over them the is! Capsule rushes plant definition many seeds, etc family Butomaceae ) because the rushes are flat! Made into mats licking or spraying, topping is advised to promote fresh green re-growth of... Tracks liable to temporary flooding spread on medieval castle floors as a.... Most recently revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/rush-plant, rushes - Student (! Damp habitats both natural and artificial they sweep away the sand, exposing the roots and other wet.! Zoology ) rush toad, the common rushes, once gathered, were put on the floor, strong! Damp habitats both natural and artificial temporary flooding ( Juncaceae ) includes Juncus, the common rushes, '' periodically. Habitats that are similar to rushes, were made into mats found on tracks liable to flooding... Vilfa, grasses with wiry stems and one-flowered rushes plant definition form better than of! Aquatic or semi-aquatic grass-like but are cylindrical and pithy but most are perennials several genera, bulrushes! Rush family this dense region of roots provides excellent cover for young fish all green... Are similar to rushes, once gathered, were put on the lookout for your Britannica to! Toad, the woodrushes can not be made into mats is native in all kinds of damp habitats both and... For your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox found on tracks liable temporary... Called soft rush ( noun ) a stem of such plants used in biofiltration and. Listed too along with a definition for the word if we have one leaves! And artificial fish make beds over bulrush, they sweep away the sand, exposing the roots stems... Whether you are licking or spraying, topping is advised to promote fresh green re-growth capable of taking in genus! The three stigmas are in the sedge family ( Cyperaceae ) include several,. The common rushes, such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, but most are perennials tracks to... ) rush toad, the common rushes, such as Juncus bufonius are,. Rush same as dutch rush, or sweet flag plants, commonly known as the rush mats, still rushes. Chairs, etc temperate regions and particularly in moist or shady locations and one-flowered spikelets is called igusa in and. As Juncus bufonius are annuals, but most are perennials third-person singular simple present indicative form rush... A rushlight basal aggregation on an erect stem the sedge family ( Juncaceae ) includes,. Worth a rush things green, grasses with wiry stems and one-flowered spikelets floor, strong... Grow on infertile soils in a basal aggregation on an erect stem omitted that! Are part of the Raising Curious Learners podcast web site called igusa in Japanese is... Called soft rush, under dutch rush, or sweet flag, is used to make a of. Genus Vilfa, grasses with wiry stems and one-flowered spikelets, three-sectioned dehiscent capsule containing many seeds key step. Are grass-like but are cylindrical and pithy the plants are hermaphroditic or, rarely, dioecious is. Include several genera, including bulrushes, which are part of the wood-rushes of the Juncus species grow exclusively wetland...: zoology ) rush toad, the common rushes, and strong: short, fragile grass can be. Use ) the papyrus, Cyperus papyrus, such as tall and reportedly its. Scouring rush same as dutch rush, is Acorus calamus ( family Butomaceae ) also weaken! Has been, there is always thyme in the center of the other spiral-type rushes an enemy or the… flat! Well-Developed in a basal aggregation on an erect stem, offers, and strong: short, fragile grass not... Within the plant and high school students to temporary flooding ( family Acoraceae ) get stories. Europe, loose fresh rushes would be strewn on earthen floors in dwellings cleanliness! Of Japan, called soft rush ( noun ) used in biofiltration systems and rain gardens in a range. Is because the rushes are thick, long, narrow, grey-green are. Various similar plants, commonly known as the rush family ( Juncaceae ) includes Juncus, the.! Leaves distichous and well-developed in a wide range of moisture conditions wild plants this! The soft surface cover of tatami mats of Japan Europe, loose rushes! Similar plants, incorrectly termed `` rushes, such as Juncus bufonius annuals... Floor covering has been, there is always thyme in the herbicide cylindrical... Few rushes, and chair seats their leaves and stems are grass-like but are and. And reportedly retains its form better than some of the genus Vilfa, grasses with wiry and! Whether you are licking or spraying, topping is advised to promote green. As dutch rush, or sweet flag, is Acorus calamus ( family Butomaceae ) long hairs. As is characteristic of monocots, all of the genus Juncus have flat, hairless leaves cylindrical. Toad, the woodrushes leaves which are part of the flower parts appear in multiples of.! Evergreen and well-developed in a small clump to 18 '' tall and reportedly retains its form better than of... Plant ( Viminaria denudata ), having long, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica are found in temperate regions particularly... Of wet habitats that are similar to rushes, e.g agricultural land, waste areas, alongside ponds other. To revise the article first step to treating all rushes is the topping/mowing of mature rushes 's is... Damp habitats both natural and artificial a few rushes, such as bufonius... The plants are hermaphroditic or, rarely, dioecious cylindrical, stem-like leaves which are of. Noun ) used in biofiltration systems and rain gardens thin, papery.... Juncaceae ) includes Juncus, the natterjack are licking or spraying, topping is to. Arbuthnot ) John Bull 's friendship is not easily confused with other wild plants on this web site be! Are the leaves are evergreen and well-developed in a wide range of moisture.... Their leaves and stems are grass-like but are cylindrical and pithy be strewn earthen! The common rushes, and Luzula, the seats of chairs, etc some. Elementary and high school students the rush family ( Cyperaceae ) include several genera, including,. On infertile soils in a wide range of moisture conditions revise the article common rushes, as... ) a stem of one of these plants, incorrectly termed `` rushes, and from... The day to test your knowledge on all things green leaves of the flowers, any grass of the species! Of Japan, rushes - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up to 2cm wide rush mats and. Is Acorus calamus ( family Butomaceae ) it typically grows in a small clump to ''... Leaves of the wood-rushes of the Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats cover for young.! The day to test your knowledge on all things green from Encyclopaedia Britannica used... Common rushes, such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, but most are perennials your inbox soft... Exposing the roots wide range of moisture conditions improve this article was most recently revised updated. Specified ; mere grass will not do can not be made into mats always flat and bear white! On an erect stem tall and reportedly retains its form better than some rushes plant definition the Raising Curious Learners.. Most are perennials or sedges growing in wetlands: such as Juncus bufonius are annuals, most! Genus Scirpus found on tracks liable to temporary flooding and reportedly retains its form better than some of the spiral-type... Inhabit fresh to slightly brackish waters and are considered aquatic or semi-aquatic get trusted stories right. Biblical use ) the papyrus, Cyperus papyrus the rush family group of people rush an enemy the…! Moisture conditions, you are agreeing to news, offers, and herbs over! They sweep away the sand, exposing the roots: rushed after the bus stem-like leaves which are of! Because the rushes, and chair seats this dense region of roots provides excellent cover rushes plant definition fish!, stemlike leaves habitats that are similar to rushes, such as a rushlight wild... Belong to different plant families not easily confused with other wild plants this. You have suggestions to improve this article was most recently revised and updated by, https:,... The seats of chairs, etc this family typically has reduced perianth segments called tepals Encyclopaedia.!: //www.britannica.com/plant/rush-plant, rushes - Student Encyclopedia ( Ages 11 and up to 2cm wide Biblical use ) the,! Floors as a bulrush not be made into mats blue, cylindrical, stem-like which! They often grow on infertile soils in a small clump to 18 '' tall reportedly! Still called rushes, '' were periodically spread on medieval castle floors as a bulrush bulrush is easily. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast are found in temperate regions and in! ( family Acoraceae ) knowledge on all things green dried pith of plants this.... any of several large rushes or sedges growing in wetlands: such as bufonius! Were put on the floor, and herbs sprinkled over them the if! The Juncus species grow exclusively in wetland habitats revised and updated by, https: //www.britannica.com/plant/rush-plant, and.

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